ARTICLE 63

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Article 63 of the Indian Constitution holds a significant place in India’s governance structure as it outlines the provisions regarding the Vice President of India. This constitutional article establishes the office of the Vice President and delineates the qualifications and duties of the individual occupying this crucial position. The Vice President plays a pivotal role in the country’s legislative process, presiding over the Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and assuming the responsibilities of the President in their absence.

What does Article 63 states ?

The Vice President of India

List of Vice- Presidents

Vice PresidentFromTo
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan13 May 1952 and
13 May 1957
12 May 1957 and
12 May 1962
Zakir Hussain13 May 196212 May 1967
V.V. Giri13 May 19673 May 1969
Gopal Swarup Pathak31 August 196930 August 1974
B.D. Jatti31 August 197430 August 1979
Mohammed Hidayatullah31 August 197930 August 1984
R. Venkataraman31 August 198424 July 1987
Shankar Dayal Sharma3 September 198724 July 1992
K.R. Narayanan21 August 199227 July 1997
Krishan Kant21 August 199727 July 2002
Bhairon Singh Shekhawat19 August 200221 July 2007
Mohammed Hamid Ansari11 August 2007 and
11 August 2012
11 August 2012 and
11 August 2017
Venkaiah Naidu11 August 201711 August 2022
Jagdeep Dhankar11 August 2022Incumbent

Dual Role Of A Vice-President

The Upper House is governed by the Vice President of India, who also carries out some presidential responsibilities.

In this regard, the vice president of India fulfills both of these responsibilities.

In light of these concerns, the holder of the two positions must assume a great deal of responsibility. He must keep the responsibilities of the two offices distinct and separate. Both of these positions are vitally essential because they involve making crucial decisions.

In addition, no action request that would conflict with his role as The Chairman may be made while he is performing his duties as Vice President. The Vice-President of India is a high-ranking position with a variety of responsibilities.

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