Cantonment Board

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For municipal management of the civilian population living in the cantonment region, a cantonment board is established. It was established in accordance with the Cantonments Act of 2006, a piece of law passed by the federal government. It operates under the administrative supervision of the Central Government’s Ministry of Defense. In contrast to the four types of urban local bodies mentioned above, which are established and managed by the state government, a cantonment board is established and managed by the Central government.

The Cantonments Act of 2006 was passed to codify and revise the law governing the management of cantonments in order to promote greater democratization, strengthen their financial foundation, and provide allowances for related issues and activities. The Cantonments Act of 1924 has been repealed by this Act.

There are 62 cantonment boards in the nation as of right now (2019). Based on the civil population, they are divided into four groups.

Classification of Cantonment Boards

  • above 50,000
  • 10,000 to 50,000
  • 2,500 to 10,000
  • Below 2,500

Members of a cantonment board are both partially elected and somewhat nominated. The nominated members (also known as ex-officio members) serve as long as they are in that station, while the elected members are in office for a term of five years. The military commander in charge of the station serves as the board’s ex-officio president and runs its meetings. The board’s vice-president is chosen by the elected members from among themselves for a five-year tenure.

The following people make up the board for Category I cantonments:

  1. A military officer commanding the station
  2. An executive engineer in the cantonment,
  3. A health officer in the cantonment,
  4. A first-class magistrate nominated by the district magistrate,
  5. Three military officers nominated by the military officer commanding the station,
  6. Eight members chosen by the cantonment area’s residents,
  7. Three military officers, and the chief executive officer of the cantonment board

A cantonment board’s duties are comparable to those of a municipality. These are formally categorized as either mandatory or optional functions. Both tax revenue and non-tax revenue are included in the sources of income.
The president of India appoints the executive officer of the cantonment board. He executes all of the decisions and resolutions made by the board and its committees. He is a member of the central cadre put in place for the job.

Functions of cantonment board

The cantonment board’s role is to oversee important tasks like monitoring water supply, primary education, maintaining street lights and roads, building and maintaining drains, urinals, streets, bridges, markets, and causeways and regulating their use, preventing diseases, and establishing and maintaining a vaccination program. Along with the planting and upkeep of roadside trees, it also considers the care of public hospitals.

The Indian government does not pay any taxes because it owns all the resources. Additionally, it works on creating and maintaining marketplaces, roads, bridges, drains, and urinals. They have a responsibility to maintain and plant trees alongside the road.


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