Indian Penal Code Section 415

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Indian Penal Code Section 415:

Cheating.—Whoever, by deceiving any person, fraudulently or dishonestly induces the person so deceived to deliver any property to any person, or to consent that any person shall retain any property, or intentionally induces the person so deceived to do or omit to do anything he would not do or omit to do if he were not deceived, is said to “cheat.” — Explanation A dishonest concealment of facts constitutes deception as defined by this section. Illustrations (a) By fraudulently claiming to be a member of the Civil Service, A intentionally deceives Z and thus dishonestly induces Z to provide him with products on credit that he does not intend to pay for. A deceives.
b) By affixing a counterfeit mark to an item, A fraudulently induces Z to purchase and pay for the item by leading Z to believe that the item was manufactured by a particular renowned manufacturer. A deceives.

By displaying a false sample of an article to Z, A fraudulently induces Z to purchase and pay for the article. A deceives.

By tendering as payment for an item a bill on a house for which A has no money and expects it to be dishonored, A intentionally deceives Z and thereby fraudulently induces Z to deliver the item with the intent to not pay for it. A deceives.

e) By pledging as diamonds items he knows are not diamonds, A intentionally deceives Z and induces Z to lend money dishonestly. A deceives.

A intentionally misleads Z into believing that he intends to repay any money that Z may lend him, and thereby induces Z to lend him money dishonestly. A has no intention of repaying it. A deceives.

A intentionally misleads Z into believing that he intends to deliver to Z a quantity of indigo plant that he does not intend to deliver, and thereby induces Z to advance money on the faith of such delivery. A cheats; however, if A intends to deliver the indigo plant at the time he obtains the money, but violates his contract and does not deliver it, he does not deceive and is only liable for breach of contract.

(h) A intentionally misleads Z into believing that A has performed A’s part of a contract made with Z, despite the fact that he has not, and thereby induces Z to pay money dishonestly. A deceives.

(i) A sells and conveys an estate to B. A, knowing that he has no title to the property as a result of the sale, sells or mortgages the property to Z without disclosing the sale and conveyance to B, and receives the purchase or mortgage money from Z. A deceives.

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