Arunachal Pradesh and Goa are two diverse states in India, each with its unique cultural, geographical, and developmental needs. The Indian government has implemented various provisions and policies over the years to address the specific challenges and opportunities faced by these states. It will delve into the provisions made for Arunachal Pradesh and Goa, highlighting their distinct characteristics and the government’s efforts to promote their socio-economic development.

Arunachal Pradesh:

Under Article 371-H, the following special provisions are made for Arunachal Pradesh:

  • Law and order in the state of Arunachal Pradesh will fall under the exclusive purview of the governor. After consulting the Council of State, the Governor took on this duty. Ministers use their own discretion when making decisions. Finally, the Governor’s particular obligation will end when the President gives the order.
  • There will be no women in the Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly 30 or less members.


  • Article 371-I provides that the Goa Legislative Assembly is to consist of not less than 30 members.

The Mountains of Dawn-Lit Arunachal Pradesh

The northeastern Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh is renowned for its magnificent scenery, varied indigenous tribes, and distinctive cultural history. However, because of its isolation and rough terrain, it suffers several difficulties. The Indian government has implemented a number of laws and regulations for the state to solve these issues.

Status: Special Category

Along with other states in the northeast, Arunachal Pradesh is classed as a Special Category State. This designation entitles the state to preferential treatment from the federal government in terms of financial aid. In order to close the development gap between Arunachal Pradesh and the rest of India, the Special Category Status was created.

Financial Support:

Through a number of central government programs and subsidies, the state is given a considerable financial boost. These money are used for initiatives aimed at reducing poverty as well as improving infrastructure, healthcare, and education. Additionally, the government allots money to the state’s tribal development.

Development in Border Areas:

Arunachal Pradesh is strategically significant for India since it shares borders with nations like China and Bhutan. The central government provides funding for border area development initiatives to guarantee security and development in these border regions. This include building important infrastructure such as roads, bridges, and other structures.

Particular Attention to Tribal Communities:

The government has launched several programs for the wellbeing of the state’s sizable tribal community. An essential provision that gives monies for the development of tribal people in Arunachal Pradesh is the Special Central Assistance (SCA) to Tribal Sub-Scheme (TSS). Programs for skill development, healthcare, and education are supported by these funding.

Increasing tourism:

The natural splendor and cultural diversity of Arunachal Pradesh draw tourists there. Through a number of programs, such as the Swadesh Darshan and PRASHAD programmes, the government has promoted tourism in the state. These initiatives concentrate on enhancing tourism amenities and infrastructure.

Infrastructure and connectivity

In Arunachal Pradesh, increasing connectivity is a top priority due to the region’s difficult topography. To improve accessibility, the government has started building airports, bridges, and highways. The Brahmaputra River’s Bogibeel Bridge’s construction has greatly increased the state’s connectivity.

Education and the development of skills

For the state’s long-term prosperity, it is essential to make investments in skill and education development. To promote school education, the central government implements programs like the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan and the Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan. Additionally, a number of skill-development initiatives try to provide young people employable abilities.

Maintaining Culture:

The distinctive culture and legacy of Arunachal Pradesh are preserved and promoted. The government sponsors cultural events, displays, and campaigns to preserve traditional ways of life.

The Pearl of the West is Goa.

Goa, which is located on India’s western coast, is well known for its immaculate beaches, exciting nightlife, and extensive cultural history. Despite being a tiny state, Goa has particular possibilities and problems. Here are a some of the laws and regulations that the state has adopted:

Particular Status:

According to Article 371 of the Indian Constitution, Goa has received special status along with a number of other states. The people of the state’s unique identity, culture, and traditions are intended to be safeguarded and preserved by its special status.

Construction of infrastructure

The Goa administration has concentrated on improving the state’s infrastructure in order to foster economic growth and tourism. This covers the construction of highway systems, airports, and ports. A key infrastructure project that attempts to improve connection to the state is the building of the new Mopa airport.

Promotion of tourism:

For Goa’s economy, the tourism industry is essential. Through programs like Swadesh Darshan and PRASHAD, the state government, along with the federal government, encourages tourism. These initiatives seek to enhance the tourist industry’s infrastructure, which includes historical monuments, beaches, and other attractions.

Education and the development of skills

In Goa, education and skill development are highly valued. The state government implements a number of programs to raise educational standards, with a concentration on both secondary and postsecondary education. Youth employment is the goal of skill development initiatives.

Environment protection

Goa places a high priority on environmental preservation because of its unspoiled natural beauty. The state works to preserve its reputation as an ecotourism destination and safeguard its delicate ecosystems. Waste management, reforestation, and animal protection are the subject of several efforts.

Food production and rural development

Goa’s agricultural industry is sizable, and the government supports farmers there through programs like the Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana. Programs for rural development are designed to raise living standards there.

Caregiving Services:

In Goa, access to high-quality healthcare is a top priority. The state has made investments in hospitals and medical schools as well as other healthcare facilities. The Ayushman Bharat initiative offers qualified people in the state health insurance coverage.

Culture and heritage promotion

Goa has a strong cultural legacy that has been affected by colonial history. The government supports projects to promote and preserve Goan culture and heritage, as well as festivals and museums.

Despite their various differences, Arunachal Pradesh and Goa have the same objectives of socioeconomic growth and cultural preservation. The Indian government has put in place a number of measures and regulations to cater to these states’ particular requirements after realizing the special opportunities and difficulties posed by these states. Goa enjoys unique status under Article 371 while Arunachal Pradesh benefits from its unique Category Status, both of which allow them to receive specialized support and assistance.

Given its isolated position and strategic importance, Arunachal Pradesh places a high priority on border security, tribal welfare, and infrastructural development. To maximize its economic potential, Goa, in contrast, places a strong emphasis on tourism marketing, environmental protection, and cultural preservation.

These regulations demonstrate the Indian government’s dedication to promoting fair development and safeguarding the cultural variety of its states, enabling them to thrive and contribute to the development of the country. Arunachal Pradesh and Goa can maintain their prosperity and add to India’s cultural diversity by tackling the particular issues and opportunities they each face.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here