Qualification , Oath and Conditions of Vice President


The Vice President of India is an important figure in the country’s political landscape, functioning as the second-highest constitutional authority behind the President. It will examines the qualifications necessary to occupy the office of Vice President, the oath of office, and the conditions and responsibilities associated with this prestigious position.

Requirements for the Vice President of India

To qualify for the position of Vice President of India, a candidate must fulfill the following requirements:

  • Citizenship: The candidate must possess Indian citizenship.
  • Age: The applicant must be at least 35 years old.
  • Eligibility for Rajya Sabha: To be eligible for the office of the Vice President, a candidate must be eligible for election as a member of the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), which is one of the two bodies of India’s Parliament. This means the candidate must meet the age, citizenship, and other requirements to become a member of the Rajya Sabha.
  • Not Holding a Profit-Making Office: The candidate must not hold a profit-making office with the Government of India, any state government, or any other authority.

It is essential to note that the Vice President is elected by an electoral college consisting of members of both chambers of Parliament (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha) in accordance with the system of proportional representation by single transferable vote.

The office-taking oath

  • After being elected, the Vice President must assume the oath of office, which is administered by the President of India. The Vice President of India must take the following oath of office:
  • “I, [Name], swear (or affirm solemnly) in the name of God that I will faithfully discharge the duties of Vice President of India, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution and the law to the best of my ability, and dedicate myself to the service and well-being of the Indian people.”
  • This oath emphasizes the Vice President’s dedication to upholding the Indian Constitution, serving the Indian people, and faithfully carrying out the duties of the office.

The Conditions and Duties of the Vice President

The Vice President of India possesses a distinctive position with distinct responsibilities:

  1. Presiding Officer of the Rajya Sabha: One of the Vice President’s primary responsibilities is to serve as the ex officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha. In this capacity, the Vice President presides over sessions, maintains order, and ensures that debates and discussions run efficiently.
  2. Casting Vote: In the event of a stalemate on any issue being voted on in the Rajya Sabha, the Vice President has the casting vote. This vote may be crucial in deciding contentious matters.
  3. Succession to the President: The Vice President is next in line to assume the office of the President in the event of the President’s death, resignation, removal, or incapacity to carry out the responsibilities of the office. This guarantees continuity in the country’s topmost office.
  4. Acting as President: In the absence of the President of India due to travel, illness, or other circumstances, the Vice President assumes the responsibilities of the President. During such periods, the Vice President does not lose his or her position as Vice President.
  5. Advisory Role: The Vice President participates in a number of high-level committees and councils and is frequently consulted by the President on significant matters.
  6. Representation: The Vice President represents India at official functions and ceremonies within and outside of the country. In the name of the nation, they perform a ceremonial and diplomatic role.
  7. Residence and Emoluments: The Vice President resides in a residence provided by the government and known as the Vice President’s Residence. In addition, they receive remuneration and allowances in accordance with the law.
  8. Tenure: The Vice President’s term lasts for five years, and they are eligible for re-election.
  9. Removal: The Vice President may be removed from office by a resolution of the Rajya Sabha approved by a majority of its members and the Lok Sabha. Nevertheless, such a resolution must be supported by a two-thirds majority of those present and voting in both chambers.
  10. Impeachment: The Vice President may also be impeached for violations of the Constitution using a procedure similar to that of the President. This entails the introduction of allegations by one chamber of Parliament and an investigation by the other.

The Vice President of India is instrumental to the functioning of the country’s parliamentary democracy. They are not only the presiding officer of the Rajya Sabha but also hold the critical responsibility of serving as the successor to the President when necessary. The qualifications, oath, and conditions associated with this position guarantee that those who hold it are well-qualified, committed to upholding the Constitution, and dedicated to serving the Indian people. The function of the Vice President exemplifies India’s commitment to a democratic system of government and the principles of separation of powers and checks and balances.


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