Qualification, oath and salaries of high court judges


A High Court Judge is a well-known and esteemed lawyer who occupies a significant position in a nation or particular region’s court system. These judges are crucial in helping to understand and implement the law, uphold justice, and protect citizens’ rights and liberties. An overview of a High Court Judge’s duties Qualification, oath ,salaries of high court judges and position sheds light on their vital contributions to the legal and judicial systems.

Judge Qualifications
A candidate for high court judgeship should meet the requirements listed below:

  1. He ought to be an Indian national.
  2. (a) He must have served ten years in a judicial position on Indian soil, or he must have served ten years as an advocate in a high court (or high courts in succession).
    (b) It is evident from the foregoing that there is no minimum age requirement for appointment as a judge of a high court in the Constitution. Furthermore, the Constitution does not allow for the selection of a renowned jurist to serve as a judge of a high court, unlike in the case of the Supreme Court.

Swearing or Affirming

A judge of a high court must take and sign an oath or affirmation in front of the state governor or another person he appoints for this reason before beginning their duties. A judge of a high court swears under oath to:

  1. bear true faith and allegiance to the Indian Constitution;
  2. uphold the sovereignty and integrity of India;
  3. perform the duties of his office honestly, faithfully, and to the best of his ability, knowledge, and judgment; and
  4. Uphold the laws and the Constitution.

Pay and Perquisites

The Parliament periodically sets the judges of a high court’s pay, benefits, privileges, leave, and pension. After their appointment, they cannot be changed to their detriment unless there is an urgent need for money. A judge’s compensation climbed from 80,000 to 2.25 lakh per month in 2018, while the chief justice’s income increased from 90,000 to 2.50 lakh. Additionally, they receive a stipend, free housing, and access to additional amenities like a car, phone, and medical care. Judges and the Chief Justice are entitled to a monthly pension equal to half of their final salary.


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